ASVAB Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (#56)

Section: Paragraph comprehension

Due process, the guarantee of fairness in the administration of justice, is part of the 5th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. The 14th Amendment further requires states to abide by due process. After this amendment was enacted, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down many state laws that infringed on the civil rights guaranteed to citizens in the Bill of Rights. The author of the above passage would agree that:

Without the passage of the 14thAmendment, many laws restricting civil rights would still exist in various states.
The Supreme Court overstepped its jurisdiction when it struck down laws infringing on citizens' civil rights.
The Supreme Court had every right to strike down state laws before the passage of the 14th Amendment.
The 14th Amendment was opposed by all states.