AWS Certified Security - Specialty (#132)

A company runs an application on AWS that needs to be accessed only by employees. Most employees work from the office, but others work remotely or travel. How can the Security Engineer protect this workload so that only employees can access it?

Add each employee’s home IP address to the security group for the application so that only those users can access the workload.
Create a virtual gateway for VPN connectivity for each employee, and restrict access to the workload from within the VPC.
Use a VPN appliance from the AWS Marketplace for users to connect to, and restrict workload access to traffic from that appliance.
Route all traffic to the workload through AWS WAF. Add each employee’s home IP address into an AWS WAF rule, and block all other traffic.