AWS Certified Solutions Architect - Professional (#444)

In the context of AWS Cloud Hardware Security Module(HSM), does your application need to reside in the same VPC as the CloudHSM instance?

No, but the server or instance on which your application and the HSM client is running must have network (IP) reachability to the HSM.
Yes, always
No, but they must reside in the same Availability Zone.
No, but it should reside in same Availability Zone as the DB instance.